empathy in healthcare
POSTED : June 15, 2020
BY : Dave Wieneke

Nobody knew that 2020 would be the year the word “unprecedented” would become exhausted from overuse. But as I write this, sixty million Americans are living under curfew due to civil unrest, the most since Dr. King’s assassination. My neighbor’s three-year-old daughter, who barely understands the social distancing of the pandemic, says she now wants to stay inside until racism is over too. That’s the year we’re having together.

We are entering a world of trauma-informed marketing and design

These months have exacerbated the effects of institutional racism and inequality, bringing millions to the point of desperation. Experts say that the psychological and societal injuries of this time may themselves become shadow pandemics lasting beyond the arrival of a COVID-19 vaccine.

Fortunately, forward-looking hospitals have dramatically expanded their mental health services; they’ve also been working to lower the stigma of mental healthcare. Those of us who engineer the mechanics of healthcare experiences will need to be far more attuned to the stressors which define huge parts of consumers’ lives.

In my teaching and work, I’ve started to use an empathy framework, the abbreviation SIMI: stress, illiteracy, mistrust and inequality as a way to keep the obstacles to engagement which people must struggle against in mind. It’s one way to help teams to focus on human empathy before engineering solutions.

Empathy framework

Stress

Almost every day the news brings fresh studies indicating the high baseline of stress that American consumers currently face. This week, the US Census reported that one-third of Americans now show signs of clinical anxiety or depression.

empathy in healthcare

The effect of civil protests and social isolation on children’s mental health is impossible to know. However, researchers from the University of Bath conducted a meta-study concluding young people are as much as 3 times more likely to develop depression in the future due to social isolation, with an impact on mental health lasting up to 9 years.

Illiteracy

Another aspect of the empathy framework, we must recognize the growing barrier of literacy. Half of Americans read at or below a seventh-grade level, according to a report by The Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), while only two percent read above an 11th-grade level. This is a big problem because so much healthcare content is written at a level that would frustrate the average reader.

This same report shows that reading ability in the US has experienced a gradual, thirty-year-long decline. Understanding insurance claims and processes, medication doses and diagnoses can be challenging regardless of reading level, but the challenges are exacerbated by limited literacy. Healthcare communicators may develop more video and voice over resources to reduce reading and continue to translate materials for non-native readers.

Mistrust

The healing alliance of healthcare is rooted in trust. After all, many healthcare services are what we’d call credence goods. This means that one may not know if they needed or benefited from a service, even after receiving it. Add to this, a financial opacity amplified by secret rate agreements between payers and drug companies—and there’s an experience gap that that drives mistrust. Consumers are losing trust in the healthcare industry.

In 1975, 80% of the public had confidence in the healthcare industry. In 2018 only 34% of the general public told Gallup that they had a positive view of the industry. There’s been an erosion of authority which perhaps goes with media changes and the digital world. While there’s a natural denial from fear of treatment, it’s exacerbated by the idea that any of us could end up soliciting donations online when the cost of care outstrips our resources. Healthcare faces a toxic cocktail of mistrust, and that’s a constraint we must work against.

Inequity

Finally, as we conduct primary research with patients, they are profoundly concerned about inequality and fairness in healthcare access. Just this week, an NPR investigation found that in four out of six of the largest cities in Texas testing sites were disproportionately located in whiter neighborhoods. This is just one of the structural inequities making COVID-19 more deadly among racial minorities. Healthcare brands can’t remain silent about improving equality of access – this is becoming a politically and culturally charged topic.

In this empathy framework, stress, illiteracy, mistrust and inequality are powerful forces—but they are mostly outcomes of cultural systems that we can improve. In fact, three hospitals we admire are marshaling their creativity and resources to lower stigma and expand their mental healthcare services.

Nationwide Children’s, Colorado Children’s and McLean Hospital are working to end stigma and expand mental health resiliency

Nationwide Children’s has launched a major behavioral health facility, leading them to recruit mental health staff in a home page call out, and they continue their compelling On Our Sleeves content hub to fight mental health stigma.

Nationwide has also developed a community resource finder, which mirrors their doctor finder, but instead is full of mental health resources available across the communities they serve.

On Our Sleeves

Children’s Hospital Colorado is building facilities, fighting stigma and advancing research

An estimated 226,000 kids and teens in Colorado have diagnosable mental health conditions, yet only 21 percent receive professional care. And tragically, suicide is the leading cause of death for young people age 10-24 in that state.

As a Denver native, I’m proud that Colorado Children’s is campaigning to get every child in their state the mental health support they need.

McLean Hospital is deconstructing stigma

Despite the concerns of being labeled and risking stigma, 75 volunteers have shared their stories of hope and resilience in public installations around Boston, and on a website that’s reminiscent of Nationwide Children’s On Our Sleeves project.

Several of the volunteers are famous, but all of them feel familiar. It’s a chance to “walk in their shoes” and appreciate the growth and healing possible with care.

mclean hospital ads

Stress, illiteracy, mistrust and inequity are barriers patients must overcome in their journey to care. Strategies to engage health consumers must recognize the context these create, and advocate to address the social deficits which are their cause.

We have closed the US economy to compensate for a health system unprepared for a pandemic. Now it’s time to address the inequities that have made the burden of COVID-19 fall disproportionately on minority and lower-income communities.

As we make sense of the global trauma of 2020, making mental health a primary measure of national well-being could be a smart change. One lesson of this time may be that humanity needs much more than GDP alone. That might be enough to take care of business, but we need new top-level goals and an empathy framework to care for each other as well.

Learn more best practices for creating human-centric digital healthcare experiences.


About the author

A picture of Dave WienekeDave Wieneke leads PK’s focus on serving the digital experiences of healthcare organizations, establishing a baseline method of measurement as outlined in PK’s Hospital Digital Experience Index. He’s partnered with executive teams at Harvard University, KinderCare Education, OHSU, and Everence Financial to advance their digital business capabilities. Prior to agency life, Dave directed digital teams for Thomson Reuters, the Christian Science Monitor, Sokolove Law and the states of New Jersey and Massachusetts. Dave is a graduate of the Rhode Island School of Design and teaches about customer-centered management at the Rutgers Business School.

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